Let’s get fancy with false flags

A quick demonstration on how to appear as an APT28 related C2

A lot is going on today with APT28 (allegedly the Russian military intelligence agency GRU). Indeed, they are very prolific and quite good at spear phishing.

They recently targeted the Emmanuel Macron’s campaign and the #EMleaks were mostly attributed to Russia — which makes sense — but is it supported with any full-proof evidence? No and here is why.

Anyone can add fake metadata

Just install a Russian version of Windows, add a Дмитрий user, setup Microsoft Office, open a new document and voilà! You can now create or edit any Word document that will look like it was written by Dmitry from Moscow. That also works very well with Visual Studio and malware.
Second option is to manually edit the raw document. Let’s take a random .docx document, extract it (it’s just a zipped archive) and then modify the docProps/core.xml file that contains the metadata with the author name and timestamps. Great succes, you are now a data tampering troll master.

Copycat attacks

Antivirus editors and cybersecurity vendors are giving public reports about the Tactics, Techniques, and Procedures (TTPs) of the most advanced APTs. 
So what is preventing another group of impersonating the methodology of any known APT and mimic them? Nothing, and we’ve already seen in the past malware authors mimicking others people work. So that won’t work either as a proof.

Infrastructure reuse and fake DNS data

There are known lists of domain names used in cyberattacks by various groups. Every now and then antivirus editors will take over malicious domain names (because they ask nicely, or because the domain is available) in order to track victims. Guess what? APTs can also do that! I found several APT28 related domain names that were used in 2014 that are currently available: asisonlline[.]org, bostondyn[.]com, cublc[.]com, …
Anyone can use them now to confuse cyber analysts.

To go even further and as an experiment I setup my own domain mimicking some APT28 artefacts: totally-legit-cloud.email that has been registered using the same information as another APT28 phishing domain used during the attack on EM staff. Upon registering a domain name registrars will ask you about your name, address, etc. These data are never verified and anyone can fake them:

This domain (that I own) is now linked with actual APT28 infrastructure:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Anything can be spoofed, really.

Who did it then?

We can only make assumptions so far. Now that everyone is aware of false flag attacks, APT28 strategists could choose to keep going on with attacks without giving a single f*ck about their fingerprints because they know anyone can impersonate them anyway. So why bother changing your TTPs? Dumb analysts will say “it’s too obvious so it can’t be the Russians”. Yes it can. Maybe it’s not? Only some intelligence agencies may really know what’s up and the Russians will play along that very well.

Clear attribution is nearly impossible based on metadata alone

Now more than ever, every byte that can be tempered with will be. We’ve seen through leaked documents that both the CIA (UMBRAGE project) and the NSA (Fourth Party team) are already doing so in order to cover their attacks and blame others.

One of the tool (ELECTRICSLIDE) impersonates a Chinese browser with fake Accept-Language

 

Cyber attribution is something that won’t be possible in the future. Most „APTs“ have dedicated teams repurposing foreign CNE tools..

 

Some people might think at this point “it’s okay because most of the APT IoCs are confidential and only TLP RED”: keep in mind that most APTs are state-sponsored and that all of them have governmental CERT that can access this data legitimately. For instance, the British doesn’t even make a difference when recruiting engineers for defending or attacking networks. Because they know these kinds of attacks are the future of covert CNE operations.

Parallel diplomacy

In addition to all that, we have to acknowledge that nowadays hacking is also a way of sending a message. The Russians might want to be seen to send a clear message to the next French president: “you know we can hack you easy peasy, you don’t like Putin ok, but don’t mess with us”.
In the military that is called a show of force. And the young Emmanuel Macron will surely remember that he was personally (him and its teams) targeted and somewhat successfully hacked. That’s like having a red dot from a laser of a sniper rifle pointing at you. Scary? Yes. Will it shoot? Maybe.
That’s yet another example of cyber as an instrument of deterrence (see also Stuxnet, Shadow Brokers, …).

Conclusion

Don’t rely solely on technical artefacts found here and there to base your opinions. Sometimes it’s not that easy to attribute a computer attack to a known threat actor, things can get a little more complex… Don’t get yourself easily manipulated: think about the implication of the hack and what may be the original intent of the threat actor.
Only high confidence concurring sources will help revealing who is behind an attack, otherwise it’s just plain speculation.

Source: 100% by (@x0rz)

 

Willkommen

DANS-AI is Alternative Information Beyond Mainstream

Top Posts

Ist das Virus frei erfunden?

Labore in den USA können COVID-19 in einem von 1.500 positiven Tests nicht nachweisen!CDC wegen massiven Betrugs verklagt: Tests an 7 Universitäten von ALLEN untersuchten Personen ergaben, dass sie kein Covid, sondern nur Influenza A oder B hatten – EU-Statistiken: „Corona“ ist praktisch verschwunden, sogar unter der Sterblichkeit. Ein klinischer

Die WHO bestätigt, dass der Covid-19 PCR-Test fehlerhaft ist!

Schätzungen von „positiven Fällen“ sind bedeutungslos. Der Lockdown hat keine wissenschaftliche Grundlage Der Real Time Reverse Transcription Polymerase Chain Reaction (rRT-PCR)-Test wurde am 23. Januar 2020 von der WHO als Mittel zum Nachweis des SARS-COV-2-Virus angenommen, nachdem eine Virologie-Forschungsgruppe (mit Sitz am Universitätsklinikum Charité, Berlin), die von der Bill and

TOD IN 5 BIS 10 JAHREN

WORST CASE – NEBENWIRKUNGEN💉 – „TOD IN 5 BIS 10 JAHREN“ Prof. Dolores Cahil, Uni Dublin. Abschluss in Molekular-Genetik am Trinity College Dublin. Doktorarbeit in Immunologie an der Dublin City University 1994. „… Und wir wissen, daß die große Gefahr von den Impfstoffen in den nächsten Jahren ausgeht. Was ich

Ziviler Ungehorsam

Recent Posts

Mehr Artikel

Stoppt die Gewaltordnung der Welt

Veranstaltung Stopp Air Base Ramstein 2019 in der Apostelkirche Kaiserslautern.Rainer Mausfeld – Weltgewaltordnung der USA beenden! Prof. Mausfeld: „Wir befinden uns längst im Krieg, und Deutschland ist Kriegspartei. Deutsche Waffen und deutsches Geld tragen hierzu bei. ‚Der Tod ist ein Krämer aus Deutschland‘.“

Read More »
Danielum

Das grosse Ganze

Sonntagslektüre – ein Muss um die Zusammenhänge des Covid Programms zu verstehen!Nehmt euch Zeit, >4 Std., und schaut dieses Video des Corona-Ausschuss. Sitzung Nr. 29 [beginnt ab Min.18] Youtube hat das Video gelöscht. https://youtu.be/EbSXV7rzxtE Zusätzlich dieser Essay: Die Nähe der Grünen zum Great Reset – LINK UPDATE: In der Sitzung #29 der „Stiftung Corona Ausschuss“ den Part von 1:59:01 bis 2:11:26: Dr. Wodarg erklärt darin en détail, wie der mRNA-Corona-Impfstoff zu einer Sterilisation bei Frauen führt – womit auch erklärt ist, warum plötzlich sogar junge Menschen den Impfstoff bekommen sollen, obwohl sie nie die Gefährdeten waren.Die Bill und Melinda Gates

Read More »